Both Leptospirosis and scrub typhus occur commonly in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Both leptospirosis and scrub typhus occur with some regularity in the state of Kerala, but the city of Thiruvananthapuram reports the largest numbers of cases by far, 138 out of 350 cases of leptospirosis and 360 out of 429 cases of scrub typhus.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Leptospirosis and Scrub Typhus.

Advice For Travellers

Leptospirosis and scrub typhus are caused by very different germs and prevention measures differ. For leptospirosis, travellers can reduce their risk by avoiding exposure to water contaminated with rat urine. This type of exposure is most common after heavy rains and floods.

Scrub typhus is transmitted by the bite of a mite (a type of insect) that is frequently found in scrub vegetation and tall grasses often found in urban areas. Prevention measures include wearing protective clothing such as long-sleeved shirts and pants, and applying insect repellents to exposed skin to prevent mite bites when visiting bush areas.

Global Monitoring To Keep You Safe While You Travel

Sign up your trip to receive real-time, exclusive travel alerts to help you stay safe while away from home.