Chikungunya fever virus occurs in many countries

The following countries are reporting variable numbers of people infected with the chikungunya virus:

In the Americas:

  • Mexico - based on reported cases, there is a low level of transmission.
  • Costa Rica - few cases nationwide
  • El Salvador - small number of cases nationwide
  • Panama - also small number of cases nationwide
  • French Guiana
  • Trinidad and Tobago - sporadic cases
  • Bolivia - over 15,000 infected people
  • Brazil - Pernambuco state reports large number of infected people
  • Colombia - large numbers of reported cases, more than 16,700.
  • Ecuador - several hundred infected people reported

In Pacific and Asia:

  • Fiji
  • Philippines - Western Visayas region is reporting cases
  • India - the Chikamagaluru district in Karnataka state is reporting cases.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Chikungunya Fever.

Advice For Travellers

Based on reported cases from various countries, it would appear that the risk of exposure for the general traveller is low. However, it may vary from place to place.

All travellers to areas where chikungunya fever virus is active can reduce their risk of exposure to this virus by taking all necessary precautions to avoid mosquito bites. Many persons with chikungunya fever do not seek medical care and are not reported to health authorities. This may account for the low numbers of reported cases in many countries. There may be many more cases in the community that are not reported. Chikungunya virus infections may have long lasting health consequences.