Chikungunya is widespread in many parts of Latin America and the Caribbean

Since the chikungunya virus was introduced into the Americas at the end of 2013 and beginning of 2014, it has spread widely throughout many countries, including many tourist destinations. Accurate reporting of cases of this infection is incomplete and at times tardy. At present, the countries that are reporting active transmission of this virus include but are not limited to the following (numbers of cases are rounded off):

  • Mexico (700 cases, mostly in Guerrero, Chiapas and Oaxaca)
  • El Salvador (145,000 cases)
  • Guatemala (31,000 cases)
  • Honduras (23,000 cases)
  • French Guiana (14,000 cases)
  • Puerto Rico (27,000 cases)
  • Bolivia (more than 1,000 cases, mostly in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba Departments)
  • Brazil (approximately 400 cases, mostly in Alagoas, Mato Grosso and Piaui states)
  • Colombia (275,000 cases)
  • Ecuador (1,700 cases, mostly in Guayas, Manabi, El Oro, Esmeraldas)
  • Paraguay (700 cases)
  • Venezuela (large number of cases, total not reported recently)

Travellers to areas where chikungunya fever virus is active can reduce their risk of exposure to this virus by taking all necessary precautions to avoid mosquito bites. Many persons with chikungunya fever do not seek medical care and are not reported to health authorities. There may be many more cases in the community that are not reported. Chikungunya virus infections may have long lasting health consequences.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Chikungunya Fever.

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