Chikungunya virus has become a major public health problem in Latin America and the Caribbean

In several Latin American and Caribbean countries, chikungunya virus infection has become a significant public health problem. Colombia has reported the largest number of infections, almost 350,000 infected people with 69 deaths associated with this disease. Ecuador has registered almost 35,000 cases with 2 associated deaths. Other affected countries include Venezuela (slightly more than 15,000 cases), Mexico (approximately 9,600 cases), French Guiana (slightly more than 9,000 cases), and Paraguay (approximately 4,100 cases).

Other countries such as Puerto Rico, Panama, and Brazil continue to report small outbreaks and sporadic cases.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Chikungunya Fever.

Advice For Travellers

Chikungunya virus has spread widely in temperate and tropical countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Some countries are more affected than others, and the risk for the general traveller can be quite variable. As a result, all travellers to areas where chikungunya fever virus is active can reduce their risk of exposure to this virus by taking all necessary precautions to avoid mosquito bites. Many persons with chikungunya fever do not seek medical care and are not reported to health authorities. There may be many more cases in the community that are not reported. Chikungunya virus infections may have long lasting health consequences.

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