Cholera in 3 countries in the Americas

Three countries, Cuba, Dominican Republic and Haiti are the only countries reporting cholera cases in the Americas. In Cuba, there has been a limited number of sporadic cases in the province of Holguín.

In the Dominican Republic, after cholera was introduced in 2010 from the epidemic in neighbouring Haiti, a total of over 33,000 cases and 490 deaths were recorded. Control efforts have been partially successful. So far this year, there have been 396 suspected cases including 12 deaths. The most recent outbreak has occurred in Bonao, in the province of Monseñor Nouel.

In Haiti, the transmission of cholera has been more difficult to control. Since 2010, there have been 745,401 cases with almost 9,000 deaths. So far this year, there have been 20,830 cases with 179 deaths. On average, there are 650 cases and 6 deaths every week.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Cholera.

Advice For Travellers

All travellers to any area where cholera has been reported can reduce the risk of exposure to this infection by strictly observing all food and water precautions. If gastrointestinal symptoms (e.g., vomiting and profuse watery diarrhoea) develop while visiting the affected area, travellers should seek medical care at once. Severe dehydration may occur very quickly.