Japanese encephalitis reported by various states in India

Cases of Japanese encephalitis are being reported by the following states (localities):

  • Uttarakhand [Kumaon] - 10 deaths and more than 100 suspected cases
  • Punjab [Badali village near Kurali]- 1 death
  • Jharkhand [Jamshedpur] - 37 cases (all children)
  • Uttar Pradesh [Lucknow and Gorakhpur] - In Lucknow, 1 death among 5 cases; in Gorakhpur, 1,446 suspected cases with at least 6 death.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Japanese encephalitis.

Advice For Travellers

It is sometimes difficult to determine the exact number of cases of Japanese encephalitis, since the symptoms often are similar to other types of encephalitis and laboratory capacity may be limited. Althought the risk of exposure for the general traveller is probably low, the risk varies according to season, destination, duration of travel, and activities. Vaccination is recommended for travellers with extensive outdoor exposure (camping, hiking, working, etc.) during the transmission season, particularly in endemic countries or areas where flooding irrigation is practised. Long-term travellers and expatriates are also at higher risk. All travellers can reduce their risk of exposure to Japanese encephalitis virus by taking all necessary precautions to avoid mosquito bites.