Lassa fever infections reported in Plateau State. Nigeria

Four cases of Lassa fever have been reported in Plateau State. Two are hospitalised and responding to treatment while two have died. Lassa fever can be a severe viral haemorrhagic illness caused by Lassa haemorrhagic fever virus. Since this infection is transmitted to humans through contact with food or household items that are contaminated with rodent excreta, travellers should avoid contact with rats, especially rat urine and faeces. Travellers should also practice careful personal hygiene such as frequent hand washing and avoid contact with sick patients. Travellers to the areas where the disease has been reported can reduce the risk of exposure by exercising caution and avoiding exposure to potentially contaminated food.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Lassa Fever.

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