Lassa fever patients increase in Nigeria

This year may turn out to be the worst outbreak of Lassa fever in the country's history. So far, slightly more than 280 people have been infected and 154 have died. Cases have been reported from different parts of the country (23 states). Newly infected people are recorded every day in some states like Ondo and Bauchi.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Lassa Fever.

Advice For Travellers

The risk for the general traveller is low, since all the reported cases have occurred sporadically and are dispersed across multiple states. This infection is transmitted to humans through contact with food or household items that are contaminated with rodent excreta or through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person. Travellers should avoid contact with rats, especially their urine and faeces. Travellers should also practice careful personal hygiene by washing their hands frequently especially when caring for sick patients who might have this infection. Although most infections are mild, Lassa fever can be a severe viral haemorrhagic illness in 1 out of every 5 infected people.

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