Leptospirosis increasing in some areas of Nicaragua
Health authorities have alerted the public after the number of reported cases of leptospirosis increased from 85 to 185. The most affected areas include Jinotega, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Granada and Madriz.
Leptospirosis is acquired through skin exposure (especially if there are open wounds) to water or damp soil that has been contaminated by an infected animal’s urine. For travellers, this exposure usually occurs through recreational water activities or during floods. The risk of acquiring leptospirosis is higher after a period of heavy rainfall or flooding. Travellers can reduce the risk of exposure to leptospirosis during floods or heavy rainfall by avoiding contact with flood waters, or by wearing waterproof boots and other protective clothing.