Pan American Health Organization (Office of WHO) issues rabies alert

Some countries in the Americas region continue to report human cases of rabies infection. Since the beginning of 2014, to date, occasional human cases of rabies following canine exposure have been reported from: Bolivia (6 cases), Haiti (3 cases),
Guatemala (2 cases), Brazil (1 case) and Dominican Republic (1 case). In addition, rabies virus has been found in previously rabies-free areas, including Jujuy and Salta in northern Argentina, Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil, Loma Plata in western Paraguay, and the Arequipa region in south-western Peru.

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Advice For Travellers

The risk of exposure to rabies is very low for most travellers, but all contact with stray dogs and cats should still be avoided. Seek immediate medical attention if bitten. Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers who may be involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cave explores) in countries with high numbers of rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should also be vaccinated.