Possible Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever transmitted in hospital in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Two male nurses have died from what is suspected to be Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever. Laboratory confirmation is pending. The private hospital where the cases worked has been temporarily closed since fatalities among medical staff in hospitals often indicate that infection prevention and control measures were not implemented in the hospital.

Although this infection has not been reported often in this state, it does occur with some frequency in nearby Gujarat. This infection is generally transmitted from cattle and sheep to humans by exposure to infected animal blood or by bites from infected ticks. Removal of ticks from animals using unprotected hands is often a source of infection. Travellers can reduce the risk of exposure to this infection by taking all necessary precautions to avoid tick bites, especially when in contact with cattle or other livestock in areas where this virus is common.

Visit our Health Library for more information on exposure to and the prevention of Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever.

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