Scrub typhus is a cause of acute encephalitis (brain inflammation) in Gorakhpur, India

At this time every year, there has been an outbreak of acute encephalitis (brain inflammation), especially in children, in the district of Gorakhpur. Some of the cases, but not all, have been due to Japanese encephalitis. A recent study has determined that about 61% of the cases are actually due to scrub typhus.

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Advice For Travellers

This illness is transmitted by the bites of infected mite larva (an insect). If diagnosed early, it can be successfully treated with readily available antibiotics. Travellers can reduce the risk of exposure to scrub typhus by taking all necessary precautions to avoid mite larva (insect) bites. Although the risk for the general traveller is generally low, if symptoms develop after mite bites, seek medical care at once.