West Nile fever occurs sporadically in Europe
Although the virus that causes West Nile Fever is circulating widely in birds in eastern and mediterranean Europe, there have only been a few sporadic human cases so far this year. In Italy, cases were reported in late July 2015 in the provinces of Cremona, Parma and Reggio Emilia. Romania also reported cases in July in County Dojl. Bulgaria reported cases in the capital city Sofia.
An increasing number of cases in humans and equine animals can be expected in Europe over the coming 2-3 months. West Nile virus has been present in Europe since the 1950s and is transmitted by mosquitoes. Since there is no vaccine or treatment for West Nile fever, travellers to areas where this virus has been found can reduce their risk of exposure by taking all necessary precautions to avoid mosquito bites.