Egypt

Egypt

Use High Level of Caution
Avoid Travel to the following governorates: Al Isma`iliyah, Janub Sina', As Suways, Al Wadi al Jadid, Matruh, and Shamal Sina'

The Arab Republic of Egypt is located in northern Africa between Libya and the Gaza Strip. The country borders on the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea north of Sudan. Egypt's population is about 82 million people, the most populated country in the Middle East. Islam is the state religion and the country is predominantly Sunni Muslim.

The government of Egypt is a republic with a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government. Egypt experienced a revolution in 2011 that removed Hosni Mubarak, a dictator who had been in power for 30 years. The military assumed leadership until early 2012, when the presidential candidate for the Muslim Brotherhood won the election and a new constitution was approved. As of July 2013, after ongoing massive country-wide protests, another coup has taken place and an interim government is in place. The economy has suffered and the political situation remains unsettled.

Egypt is one of the world's oldest civilizations, often called “the cradle of civilisation.” Egypt’s economy is diversified with tourism, agriculture, industry and services contributing almost equally. Visitors to Egypt can see the pyramids, the Sphinx and other ruins of its ancient civilizations, such as Thebes and Memphis, and the Valley of the Kings.

Currency EGP: Egyptian pound
Language Arabic. English and French are also widely spoken.
Capital Cairo
Recent Alerts 5
Latest Alert December 11, 2019 - Egypt: World Youth Forum on 14-17 December in Sharm El Sheikh

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Egypt. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Malaria

There is a very limited risk for malaria from June to October in some areas. Although the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states there is no malaria transmission, the World Health Organization reported some cases in El Faiyum Governorate in 2013. NaTHNac reports sporadic cases in the Aswan Governorate in 2014.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Egypt. The risk is higher when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Egypt through contaminated food or water. Infection can still occur at tourist destinations and resorts.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Egypt.

West Nile Fever

Outbreaks of West Nile virus occur in both tropical and temperate regions in Egypt.

Leishmaniasis

There is a very low risk of leishmaniasis in this country. There have been some cases in rural areas of Egypt, and those most at risk are soldiers, labourers and immuno-compromised adults.

Schistosomiasis

The parasite that causes schistosomiasis is found in the Nile delta area and the Nile valley of Egypt. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and contact with saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Yellow Fever

There is no risk of yellow fever transmission. However, a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 9 months of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission. All arrivals from Sudan are required to possess either a vaccination certificate or a location certificate issued by a Sudanese official centre stating that they have not been in Sudan south of 15°N within the previous 6 days.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever has occurred in this country.

African Tick Bite Fever

There is an increased risk of this disease in this country.

Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

This disease may occur in the country.

Rift Valley Fever (RVF)

This disease may occur in the country.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Egypt.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within Egypt, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities, rural areas, or staying with friends and family.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 9 months of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission. All arrivals from Sudan are required to possess either a vaccination certificate or a location certificate issued by a Sudanese official centre stating that they have not been in Sudan south of 15°N within the previous 6 days.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Egypt.

Anti-malarial Drugs

Because the risk of exposure to malaria is so low, anti-malaria medications are not recommended.

Safety and Security in Egypt

Emergency Numbers

122
123
126 Tourist police
180

Personal Safety

Crime has increased in Egypt and kidnappings and carjackings are common, even during daylight hours. Travellers are advised not to resist carjackers as they will typically leave the driver unharmed if the driver does not resist. Petty crime, such as pickpocketing, may also be on the rise. Ensure that valuables are out of sight, bags and backpacks are monitored at all times, and personal belongings are secure.

There have been many reports of women being verbally and sexually harassed, particularly those travelling alone. Women should take cues from the local women - dress conservatively and maintain a formal demeanour at all times.

The incidence of road accidents is high in Egypt. Road travel may be dangerous due to poor road conditions, poor vehicle maintenance, and reckless driving. Exercise extreme caution in rural areas where roads may be unpaved and unlit at night. Avoid travelling after dark. Avoid travelling in taxis due to poor safety standards.

If travelling to coastal resorts, avoid road travel, and arrive and depart by air.

Laws in Egypt do not prohibit same-sex relations, however, members of the LGBTI community can be prosecuted under debauchery laws.

Strict drugs and alcohol laws exist in Egypt. If caught in the possession of drugs, or consuming alcohol in public, travellers could face long prison sentences or even death.

Do not take photos of bridges, canals, and government or military establishments or personnel.

Travellers should take note of whether they will be travelling during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. During this time, respect the religious practices of the country and avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. Always dress conservatively to respect local customs.

There is no restriction of the practice of Christianity. However, it is against the law to encourage anyone to convert to the Christian faith.

It is illegal to express negative opinions, including on social media, about Egypt or make political comments about the government, the president, or security forces.

Areas To Avoid

Avoid all travel to the Governorates of North Sinai (Shamal Sina) and South Sinai (Janub Sina) due to the significant increase in criminal activity, risk of terrorism and and overall unpredictable security situation. There is a high risk of kidnapping in Egypt, but specifically in North Sinai.

Avoid all travel to the Red Sea coastal, to Upper Egypt and to the Nile Valley historic sites due to high levels of civil unrest, strikes and threats of terrorism.

Seek local advice if travelling to areas in the desert or the coast, specifically the Mediterranean shore, the Western Desert, the Sinai Peninsula, and the western shore of the Gulf of Suez due to the risk of unexploded landmines. Known minefields may be enclosed in barbed wire but are not marked by signs.

Do not cross the Israeli border. Restrictions may be imposed at any time.

Extreme Violence

There is a threat of terrorism throughout Egypt. Terrorist attacks have occurred in the past throughout the country, including tourist locations. Travellers should remain vigilant, particularly around government facilities, religious buildings, and public areas.

Political Unrest

There are frequent political demonstrations in Egypt which can escalate and turn violent without warning. Minimize safety risk by avoiding all public gatherings and demonstrations. It is illegal for foreigners to participate in demonstrations.

Get A Free Account!

Sitata uses advanced software algorithms to monitor the world for disease outbreaks and safety hazards. Each travel alert published by Sitata is reviewed by staff to ensure it meets the concerns of a traveller.

Sign up for a free account so that you can prepare for your trip and view the latest alerts.

Plan A Trip