Georgia

Georgia

Use Normal Level of Caution
Avoid Travel to the following provinces: Abkhazia
Avoid Travel to the following municipalities: Oni and Java

Georgia is a country in southwestern Asia between Turkey and Russia and bordering the Black Sea. Neighbouring countries also include Armenia and Azerbaijan. The population of Georgia is about 4.5 million people.

Georgia's government is a republic. A president is chief of state and is also the head of government for the Ministries of Defense and Internal Affairs. A prime minister is head of government for all other ministries.

Georgia was formerly part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. At the beginning of the 19th century, Russia annexed Georgia. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was annexed again, this time by the Soviet Union. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Georgia went through a period of political and economic crises until the new democratic reforms were introduced through the Rose Revolution. Today the relations with Russia are strained, and Georgia is developing closer relationships with the United States and the European Union.

Visitors to Georgia can enjoy ski resorts, wineries, cave monasteries and other historical sights.

Currency GEL: Lari
Language Georgian
Capital Tbilisi
Recent Alerts 1
Latest Alert March 13, 2017 - Protests in Batumi, Georgia

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Georgia. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Georgia through contaminated food or water. 

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Georgia.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Georgia, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where water and food may not be safe.

Malaria

There is a limited risk for malaria from June to October in rural southeastern Georgia.

Tuberculosis

Travellers to Georgia are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting ill friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis occurs in this country.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Georgia.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country. Therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities, rural areas, where water and food may not be safe.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Georgia.

Anti-malarial Drugs

Anti-malarial medication is not recommended. Use mosquito avoidance procedures.

Safety and Security in Georgia

Emergency Numbers

112

The dispatcher speaks Georgian and Russian, but will transfer a call to an English-speaking operator.

Personal Safety

Petty crime, such as pickpocketing, is common in Georgia, especially in busy areas like transportation hubs or markets. Travellers should avoid carrying large sums of cash, showing signs of affluence (jewelry, etc), and ensure their personal belongings and travel documents are secure at all times.

Violent crime, including sexual assaults and muggings, has occurred against foreigners in urban areas of Georgia. Kidnappings of travellers and foreign residents also occur, particularly in the regions bordering Russia. To avoid becoming a target, it is recommended that you vary your daily routine, travel in groups, and avoid walking or taking public transportation after dark.

Those who want to participate in extreme sports should be aware that the emergency response might be very limited in the event of an accident. Companies that organize these activities might not meet adequate safety standards.

Driving can be hazardous, particularly at night due to poorly maintained roads and cars, lack of adequate lighting and road signs, and animals straying onto roads. Drivers may not follow safe driving practices. The law requires the use of seat belts. Drinking and driving is against the law. Landslides are common.

Areas To Avoid

Avoid travel to South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and all other regions bordering Russia. These areas are dangerous due to crime, terrorist activity, tensions between Russia and Georgia, as well as mines and other unexploded ordnance from the 2008 armed conflict. Exercise caution if you use the M27/M1 road, and avoid travelling this road after dark. There is a risk of criminal activity between the Stepantsminda/Gudauri turnoff and Gori, and also between Gori and Khashuri.

Do not travel across the land border with Russia as there is no official border control, and these regions are extremely dangerous. It is illegal to cross into Georgia from Russia at Abkhazia or South Ossetia, and the penalty for illegal entry can be up to four years in prison. A passport stamp by separatist authorities might be considered illegal.

Avoid travel to the Pankisi Gorge north of Akhmeta due to the potential for armed clashes with Chechen armed groups or criminal activity.

Political Unrest

Minimize safety risk by avoiding public and political gatherings and demonstrations since even peaceful protests can quickly and unexpectedly escalate and become violent.

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