Indonesia

Indonesia

Use Normal Level of Caution
Use High Level of Caution when visiting the following provinces: Papua

The Republic of Indonesia, located in Southeast Asia, is an archipelago of 17,508 islands, between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The population is around 245 million people.

The government is a republic with a president as both chief of state and head of government, and the president is elected by popular vote.

Indonesia is a country with the world's largest Muslim population. The country is noted for its distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest, most politically dominant ethnic group. Indonesia has a high level of biodiversity supported by vast unexplored areas of wilderness. Although the country is rich in natural resources, poverty is widespread.

Indonesia encourages tourism and visitors can see rice fields, volcanoes, many beaches, jungles in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua with large numbers of monkeys, sun bears, leopards, orangutans and marsupials and untouched islands.

Currency IDR: Rupiah
Language Indonesian
Capital Jakarta
Recent Alerts 2
Latest Alert October 30, 2017 - Alert level lowered for Mount Agung in Indonesia

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Indonesia. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Malaria

Malaria risk exists throughout the year in most areas of the five eastern provinces of East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, North Maluku, Papua and West Papua. In other parts of the country, there is malaria risk in some districts, except in Jakarta and Ubud Municipalities, resort areas of Bali and Java, and Gili Islands and the Thousand Islands (Pulau Seribu). There are low levels of transmission in rural areas of Java, including Pangandaran, Sukalumi, and Ujung Kulong. A rare form of malaria that circulates in monkeys (P. knowlesi) has been reported in the province of Kalimantan.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Indonesia through contaminated food or water. Infection can still occur at tourist destinations and resorts.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Indonesia.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Indonesia, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Japanese encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis is presumed to occur year-round in rural Indonesia and has been reported in the following areas: Kalimantan, Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Mollucas, Papua (Irian Jaya), and Lombok. The risk for travellers of contracting Japanese encephalitis is low, but visiting the listed areas and extensive outdoor activity in rural areas will increase this risk.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever outbreaks occur in Indonesia, particularly in East Java. The risk is higher in heavily populated urban areas and during the rainy season.

Chikungunya Fever

Chikungunya occurs in Indonesia.

Elephantiasis

Filariasis occurs in Indonesia.

Schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis is found in Indonesia. It is acquired through contact with fresh water, such as when swimming, bathing, or rafting. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis.

Scrub Typhus

Scrub typhus, also known as Tsutsugamushi fever, generally occurs year-round in some areas of Indonesia.

Tuberculosis

Travellers to Indonesia are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Yellow Fever

There is no risk of yellow fever transmission in this country. This country requires a yellow fever vaccination certificate for travellers over 9 months of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Cholera

Cholera has occurred in this country.

Zika Fever

There is transmission of the Zika virus in this country.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Indonesia.

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

Vaccination is recommended only for those planning to visit rural areas in Kalimantan, Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Mollucas, Papua (Irian Jaya), and Lombok. The vaccination is not required for travellers visiting urban areas only.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country. Therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country. Therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

There is no risk of yellow fever transmission in this country. This country requires a yellow fever vaccination certificate for travellers over 9 months of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Cholera Vaccine

The U.K. NaTHNaC recommends the oral cholera vaccine for some travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, travelling to areas of active cholera transmission. These risk factors include: aid workers; those going to areas of cholera outbreaks who have limited access to potable water and medical care; travellers for whom the vaccination would be considered potentially beneficial, such as chronic medical conditions. The U.S. CDC recommends the cholera vaccine for travellers who are 18-64 years of age and who plan to travel to areas of active cholera transmission. CDC notes that most travellers do not travel to areas of active cholera transmission, and that safe food and water practices can prevent many cholera infections.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Indonesia.

Anti-malarial Drugs

Recommended anti-malaria medication includes atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. Anti-malaria drug resistance for chloroquine is present.

Safety and Security in Indonesia

Emergency Numbers

112
110
113
118

Response to emergency calls and services may be limited. It may be more expedient to go directly to a police station or hospital for service.

Personal Safety

Travellers should maintain a high level of personal awareness in Indonesia due to fatal terrorist attacks in recent years in, both Bali and Jakarta. Counterterrorism measures have reduced the risk of terrorism, however, the potential for violent incidents remains. High-profile Western facilities or businesses can be potential terrorist targets. Travellers should exercise caution when choosing accommodations, places of worship, shopping areas, restaurants, clubs and other tourist facilities, and be aware of the facilities’ security level.

Landslides and flooding can occur with little warning in Indonesia, especially in remote areas where extensive deforestation is common. These incidents have led to numerous fatalities and extensive destruction of property. Travellers should monitor regional weather forecasts and follow warnings issued by local authorities.

Indonesia has strict drug laws and severe penalties for drug offences. In January 2015, six people, including foreigners, were executed on various drug charges, including attempting to smuggle drugs out of Indonesia.

Women travellers, in particular, should be aware that the Aceh Province, located at the northern end of Sumatra, implements Islamic law and is the only province implementing Islamic law. As an effort to reduce sexual violence, this province has banned women from entertainment venues, such as internet cafes, tourist sites, sports facilities after 23:00 (11:00 pm) unless accompanied by a husband or male family member. Women travellers should be aware that the province's morality police could detain a woman for being in an entertainment venue after 23:00 (11 pm).

Also, unmarried men and women are banned from riding together on a motorbike in one of the districts of Aceh Province. Women are only allowed to ride motorbikes sidesaddle.

Areas To Avoid

Sporadic ethnic and religious tensions in areas of Indonesia have resulted in violence and civil unrest. Travellers should avoid the areas of Maluku and Central Sulawesi, particularly Palu, Poso and Tentena, due to religious tensions between Christian and Muslim groups resulting in violent incidents and conflict.

Travellers should exercise extreme caution in Papua due to the risk of violence in response to political tensions. Note that permits are required to travel to Papua. Entry regulations and permission to remain in Papua may change at any time, so travellers should seek local advice on their travel plans to this area.

Kidnapping and other criminal activity targeting foreigners have occurred in some areas, including Aceh, East Kalimantan and Papua. Travellers should be aware of this risk and only travel to Aceh with a well-established and reputable organization. Extreme caution should be maintained at all times and in all places in Aceh. Sharia law is enforced in parts of Aceh by religious police. Travellers should ensure their behaviour does not offend local sensitivities.

Extreme Violence

There is a risk of attacks by Islamist extremists. Indonesian authorities continue to disrupt activities and planning by extremists.

Political Unrest

Large and occasionally violent protests have occurred in the past. Travellers should avoid all such demonstrations and gatherings, monitor local news, and follow the advice of local authorities.

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