Use High Level of Caution

The Republic of Kenya is located in eastern Africa between Somalia and Tanzania and bordering on the Indian Ocean. The population is about 40 million. The country shares Lake Victoria with Tanzania and Uganda.

Kenya's government is a republic with a president as chief of state and head of government. There is a prime minister whose main function is to coordinate government business.

Until recent elections, Kenya was one of the few countries in East Africa with a long record of political stability even with political system changes and with crises happening in neighbouring countries. Kenya has even led peace negotiations in Somilia and Sudan and has participated in UN peacekeeping missions worldwide. Kenya is a developing country and many still live in poverty and have a poor quality of life.

Tourism is important to Kenya's economy. The country is known for its scenery, beaches, game reserves, parks and wildlife, and safaris. Kenya is also known as the being the cradle of mankind since it is believed that the remains of the earliest man were found in this country.

Currency KES: Kenyan shilling
Language Swahili and English
Capital Nairobi
Recent Alerts 2
Latest Alert April 19, 2018 - Measles Outbreak in Kenya

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Kenya. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.


All areas (including wild life reserves and parks) of Kenya at altitudes below 2,500 meters (<8,202 ft) are at risk for malaria. There is no risk in Nairobi and in the highlands above 2,500 meters in the provinces of Central, Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley and Western.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Kenya through contaminated food or water. Infection can still occur at tourist destinations and resorts.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Kenya.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Kenya, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.


Outbreaks of meningitis may occur in Kenya usually during the dry season from December through June.

Yellow Fever

There is risk of yellow fever transmission in Kenya.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever outbreaks occur in Kenya, and the risk to travellers is significant.


Travellers to Kenya are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Sleeping Sickness (Type 2)

This disease occurs in Kenya. High risk areas are Nyanza Province, Western Province, and southwestern Rift Valley Province. Travellers to urban areas are not at risk.


Outbreaks of plague have occurred in Kenya. The risk to travellers is low. Plague continues to be a threat in parts of Kenya, particularly around Nairobi, the district of Machakos, and around the border with Tanzania, including the areas of Amboseli and Tsavo National Parks. The disease usually occurs in rural areas, and urban outbreaks are rare.


The parasite that causes schistosomiasis is found in Kenya. It is acquired through contact with fresh water, such as swimming, bathing, or rafting. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and contact with saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis.

Chikungunya Fever

Chikungunya fever has occurred in this country.


Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.


Cholera may occur in Kenya.


Filariasis is present in Kenya, but the national program to eliminate this infection has dramatically reduced the risk of infection.

Zika Fever

Zika fever has occurred in Kenya.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Kenya.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where water and food sources may be contaminated.

Meningitis Vaccine

Because this country is located in the sub-Saharan meningitis belt, vaccination against meningitis is recommended if travelling during the dry season (December to June) in northwest Kenya.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 1 year of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission. The yellow fever vaccination is recommended for all travellers aged 9 months and older, except as follows. Generally not recommended for travellers whose itineraries are limited to the following areas: the entire North Eastern Province; the states of Kilifi, Kwale, Lamu, Malindi and Tanariver in the Coastal Province; and the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Cholera Vaccine

The U.K. NaTHNaC recommends the oral cholera vaccine for some travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, travelling to areas of active cholera transmission. These risk factors include: aid workers; those going to areas of cholera outbreaks who have limited access to potable water and medical care; travellers for whom the vaccination would be considered potentially beneficial, such as chronic medical conditions. The U.S. CDC recommends the cholera vaccine for travellers who are 18-64 years of age and who plan to travel to areas of active cholera transmission. CDC notes that most travellers do not travel to areas of active cholera transmission, and that safe food and water practices can prevent many cholera infections.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Kenya.

Anti-malarial Drugs

With the exception of Nairobi and highlands above 2,500 meters, there is a risk of exposure to malaria throughout Kenya. Recommended anti-malaria medication includes atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. Resistance to chloroquine has been reported.

Safety and Security in Kenya

Emergency Numbers


The emergency number for Kenya was reopened in July 2013 after 15 years without an emergency number. Calls to this number may go unanswered. It may be expedient to make reports directly to a police station.

Personal Safety

There is a high incidence of crime throughout most of Kenya, especially at coastal beach resorts, and in Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu. Travellers should remain aware of their surroundings at all times, avoid venturing away from tourist areas, and refrain from travelling after dark.

Petty crime occurs often in major towns, such as Mombasa, Kisumu and Nakuru, and in coastal beach resorts. Thieves may impersonate police officers, hotel employees and government officials, so travellers should ask for identification if approached. Always keep personal belongings in a safe and always keep doors locked. Avoid wearing expensive clothing and jewellery. Credit cards and cheques are often stolen.

Violent crime has been occurring more frequently in Nairobi, including carjackings, armed robbery, kidnappings and burglaries. These crimes usually increase around the Christmas holidays. Avoid travelling to low-income neighbourhoods in Nairobi, as there is a higher frequency of crime in these areas. The following neighbourhoods of Nairobi should also be avoided: Kibera, Mathare, Kasirani, and Eastleigh.

Carjackings often occur when travelling to and from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) and Nairobi. Travellers should use transportation organized by tour companies or well-marked taxis when arriving at JKIA. Do not exchange currency in the public areas of the airport. Store valuables in locked suitcases and carry-on luggage as things are often stolen out of checked luggage.

Women travelling on their own should be highly vigilant due to the high incidence of sexual assaults, including those against foreigners.

Foreigners considering volunteer work in Kenya should ensure the non-governmental organization they plan to work with is legitimate. Volunteers in Kenya are sometimes mistreated and stranded by illegitimate NGOs.

When travelling to Kenya, only stay in tourist camps with good security around the perimeter.

Areas To Avoid

NOTE: The areas to avoid do not include the following: Kenya’s safari destinations in the national parks, reserves and wildlife conservancies, including the Aberdare National Park, Amboseli, Laikipia, Lake Nakuru, Masai Mara, Meru, Mount Kenya, Samburu, Shimba Hills, Tsavo, nor does it include the beach resorts of Mombasa, Kilifi, Watamu and Diani.

Travellers should reconsider travelling to Nairobi, Mombasa region, including Diani Beach, coastal Tana River county and Lamu county due to the high threat of terrorist attack and high level of crime.

Visitors to Kenya are strongly advised to avoid all travel to northeast Kenya near the Somali border, including coastal areas north of Pate Island in Lamu District, and Garissa District (not including Lamu Island and Manda Island) due to an increased risk of violence and kidnappings. Somali militias and bandit groups have attacked foreigners and humanitarian workers in these areas.

Travellers should also avoid the border areas with South Sudan and Ethiopia due to armed theft and border conflicts.

Violence is regularly reported from the Mount Elgon area of western Kenya due to armed conflict between military troops pursuing the Sabaot Land Defence Force (SLDF) militia.

Extreme Violence

Travellers should exercise a high degree of caution because of the ongoing threat of terrorist attacks, kidnappings and crime targeting Westerners throughout Kenya, including Nairobi. Terrorist attacks could occur without warning and could target foreign travellers. Travellers should remain highly vigilant and exercise caution at all times. Multiple kidnappings of Westerners have occurred in Kenya.

Political Unrest

Civil unrest, confrontations and attacks over ethnicity, land ownership and access to water can occur in rural regions of Kenya, such as Massai territory and the Eastern and Central province and in northern Kenya during severe droughts.

Demonstrations and political gatherings sometimes occur. These should be avoided as they can turn violent with little warning.

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