Mexico

Mexico

Use Normal Level of Caution
Use High Level of Caution when visiting the following states: Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Michoacán, Nayarit, Jalisco, Guerrero, Durango, Coahuila, Sonora, Sinaloa, and Chihuahua

The United Mexican States is located between the United States on the north and Belize and Honduras on the south and has coastline on the Pacific Ocean, Gulf of California, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico. The population of Mexico is approximately 112 million people. Mexico City has a population of about 20 million people.

Mexico's government is a federal republic. The chief of state and head of government is a president elected by popular vote.

Mexico is considered a newly industrialized country with a rapidly growing middle class. However, income distribution is highly unequal and many people live below the poverty line. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, the United States and Canada.

Mexico has a rich history of highly developed, advanced cultures, such as the Maya, Aztec, Zapotec, Toltec, that prospered prior to the arrival of the Europeans. After Spain conquered and colonized the territory, it was administered by Spain until gaining independence in 1821. The Mexican Revolution of 1910 finally led to the emergence of the country's current democratic political system.

Tourism plays an important role in the Mexican economy with over 21.4 million international visitors in 2009. Tourists can enjoy a wide range of activities and destinations, from mountainous areas to jungles and beaches, along with museums, architecture, haciendas, beach resorts, and archaeological sites, to name a few.

Currency MXN: Peso
Language Spanish
Capital Mexico City
Recent Alerts 8
Latest Alert June 22, 2017 - Murder rate in Mexico hits highest level in 20 years

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Mexico. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Malaria

Malaria risk occurs intermittently through the year in some rural areas that are not often visited by tourists. Low to very low risk exists in some localities in the states of Chiapas, Chihuahua, Nayarit, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Campeche, Durango, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Sonora and Tabasco. No malaria risk exists along the United States-Mexico border or in the major resorts along the Pacific and Gulf coasts.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Mexico through contaminated food or water. Infection can still occur at tourist destinations and resorts.

Hepatitis B

The risk of acquiring hepatitis B in Mexico is low.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Mexico, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever outbreaks are common in Mexico, particularly along the coastal areas and during the rainy season (July to October). There is no risk of dengue in the high altitude areas of central Mexico.

Chagas Disease

American trypanosomiasis occurs in rural areas of Mexico. The risk of travellers acquiring this disease is extremely low unless staying in very poor quality housing or camping.

Chikungunya Fever

Chikungunya fever has occurred in this country.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Cholera

Cholera has occurred in this country.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis occurs in this country. Travellers to this country are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Zika Fever

There is transmission of the Zika virus in this country.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Mexico.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to hepatitis B, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Cholera Vaccine

The U.K. NaTHNaC recommends the oral cholera vaccine for some travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, travelling to areas of active cholera transmission. These risk factors include: aid workers; those going to areas of cholera outbreaks who have limited access to potable water and medical care; travellers for whom the vaccination would be considered potentially beneficial, such as chronic medical conditions.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Mexico.

Anti-malarial Drugs

WHO does not recommend anti-malaria medication. The U.S. CDC recommends anti-malaria medication for the states of Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Nayarit, and Sinaloa. The recommended anti-malaria medications are atovaquone-proguanal, chloroquine, doxycycline, and mefloquine. NaTHNaC recommends chloroquine for the states of Oaxaca and Chiapas only.

Safety and Security in Mexico

Emergency Numbers

066
066
066

Personal Safety

Most visitors to Mexico do not experience problems, however, travellers should monitor the local news and still exercise a high degree of caution due to high crime levels and violence throughout the country. Travellers should be particularly cautious in northern Mexico and all cities bordering the United States, particularly in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez due to sporadic conflict between the military and drug cartels. There are also high levels of violence and organized crime in the states of Guerrero (including Acapulco), Nayarit, Michoacán and Veracruz.

Crime is common in Mexico. Travellers should always keep their valuables out of sight, watch their bags and backpacks closely, and always pay close attention to their own personal security.

Areas To Avoid

Travellers should avoid the following northern states due to violence and organized crime: Northern Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Ciudad Juarez, Durango, Jalisco and Sinaloa (excluding Mazatlán).

Travellers to Monterrey, in the State of Nuevo León, should avoid travel after dark and avoid leaving the suburb of San Pedro Garza García.

Political Unrest

Demonstrations occur in large cities in Mexico. Travellers should avoid political gatherings and demonstrations as they can become violent without warning. Mexican authorities prohibit foreigners from participating in political demonstrations.

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