Poland

Poland

Use Normal Level of Caution

The Republic of Poland is located in Central Europe and is the ninth largest country in Europe. Neighbouring countries include Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave. Poland's coastline is on the Baltic Sea. The population is over 38 million people. The government is a republic with a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government.

Although overrun many times by many enemies, Poland has always reemerged as a viable state. Most recently, during the revolution of 1989, communist rule was overthrown and Poland became the “Third Polish Republic.” Economic prosperity reemerged, but Poland still has some problems, such as a high unemployment rate, bureaucratic red tape, some corruption, which keep the country from reaching full potential.

Visitors to Poland will enjoy the contrasts between the old and new. The modern cities contrast with the countrysides that keep the rural peasant atmosphere, where horse-drawn carts still carry hay from the fields. Tourists can see 14th century Gothic castles, medieval areas, museums, monastaries, cathedrals and sites that bear witness to the Nazi occupation. The beaches on the Baltic coast are also a common tourist destination.

Currency PLN: Zloty
Language Polish
Capital Warsaw
Recent Alerts 1
Latest Alert March 18, 2017 - Measles in Romania and some European countries

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Poland. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Poland through contaminated food or water. Infection can still occur at tourist destinations and resorts.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Poland.

Tick-Borne Encephalitis

There is a risk of tick-borne encephalitis in some areas of the country. The areas mainly affected are the provinces bordering Lithuania and Belarus particularly around the city of Bialystok, and in the districts adjacent to the Czech Republic. The transmission season varies, however, ticks are most active during early spring to late autumn (March to November).

Rabies

Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Poland.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Tick-Borne Encephalitis Vaccine

Consider the vaccination for travellers who plan to engage in outdoor activities (such as camping, hiking, fishing, bicycling) in the risk areas and during the transmission season of early spring to late autumn (March to November).

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Poland.

None required.

Safety and Security in Poland

Emergency Numbers

112
997
999
998

Personal Safety

Travellers rarely experience safety and security problems in Poland. However, travellers should still be alert and aware of surroundings. Petty crime, such as theft and pickpocketing, is common in major tourist areas and on public transportation. Pickpocketing on trains usually occurs during boarding. Travellers should ensure their personal belongings, valuables, and travel documents are kept secure at all times. Petty crime rates are higher in urban areas.

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