Iran

Iran

Use High Level of Caution

The Islamic Republic of Iran is located in the Middle East between Iraq and Pakistan with borders on the Caspian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf. The population is estimated to be about 79.8 million people. Known as Persia until 1935, Iran has a history that goes back several thousand years.

During the 1960s, the ruling shah instituted many social and economic reforms. Many Muslims felt the reforms brought a western focus and violated religious law. In 1979, the monarchy was overthrown and the country became an Islamic republic. Conservative and fundamental Islamic principles were instituted and a theocratic republic was established led by clerics. The government has a supreme leader as chief of state and a president as head of government.

In 2011, Iran received about 3 million tourists (and this number is expected to grow with relaxed visa rules). Iran is home to many ancient archaeological and architectural attractions and has 16 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Some of these sites include the Persian Garden, Persepolis, and Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex. Travellers can enjoy visiting ancient cities and tombs, palaces, and museums.

Currency IRR: Rial
Language Persian (fārsi)
Capital Tehran
Recent Alerts 4
Latest Alert June 21, 2017 - Sporadic cases of Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever in Iran

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Iran. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Iran.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Iran.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Iran, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Malaria

There is a risk of malaria March through November in rural areas of Fars Province, Sistan-Baluchestan Province, an southern tropical areas of Hormozgan and Kerman Provinces.

Yellow Fever

There is no risk of yellow fever transmission in Iran. However, a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers 9 months of age and older arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited through an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Dengue Fever

Although the risk for dengue fever is not well-defined in Iran, outbreaks may occur.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Cholera

Cholera does occur in this country.

Schistosomiasis

This disease is present in this country and is acquired through contact with fresh water, such as swimming, bathing, or rafting. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and contact with saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Iran.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers 9 months of age and older arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited through an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Iran.

Anti-malarial Drugs

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine if visiting the affected provinces. The U.K. NaTHNaC recommends chloroquine plus proguanil. The World Health Organization does not recommend anti-malaria medication.

Safety and Security in Iran

Emergency Numbers

110
112 From mobile phones
115
125

Personal Safety

Iran has a low crime rate, but petty crime does occur. Men on motorcycles have snatched bags out of open car windows or from people on the street. Stay alert in your surroundings at all times. Fake policemen pretending to check identification or pretending to conduct searches for counterfeit money have robbed tourists.

Travel advisories and personal safety can depend on your country’s political relations with Iran. Travellers should check with their own country’s recommendations prior to travelling to Iran.

There have been reports of Western travellers being arbitrarily detained and questioned. Your country may be limited in the consular services it can offer if you have trouble.

Iran does not recognize dual citizenship. If you are detailed or jailed and are a dual citizen, you will be treated as an Iranian citizen. You are at risk of arrest and prosecution if you converted from Muslim to another religion or if you encourage Muslims to convert.

Avoid hailing taxis on the street, but rather ask a hotel to book a taxi.

Traffic accidents with fatalities are very common. Travellers should be very cautious with overland travel. You may encounter roadblocks with inexperienced personal. Always have your identification and documents available and avoid confrontations.

Areas To Avoid

Avoid all travel to areas within 100 kilometers of the length of the border with Afghanistan. Avoid all travel to the province of Sistan-Baluchistan. Avoid all travel to the area east of the line running from Bam to Jask, including Bam. Avoid all travel to the towns of Zahedan, Zabol and Mirjaveh. These areas are known for drug trafficking from Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Avoid travel to areas within 10 kilometers of the length of the border with Iraq, particularly Kurdistan, West Azerbaijan and Ilam provinces and Khorramshahr in Khuzestan province, due to a dangerous security situation. Reports indicate violent clashes in these areas, as well as armed conflict between Kurdish militants and Iranian forces.

Extreme Violence

Political violence occurs throughout Iran. There is an ongoing threat of terrorist attack against Western interests in Iran. Other targets for bombings are military parades, religious sites or processions, and government buildings.

Political Unrest

Anti-Western sentiment and domestic unrest may lead to political demonstrations. Travellers should avoid all public and political gatherings, especially after Friday prayers, since the situation can become violent.

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