Central African Republic

Central African Republic

Avoid Travel

The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country located in central Africa, south of Chad and Sudan and north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The population is about 5 million people. The government is a republic with a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government.

The CAR gained independence from France in 1960. The government has been unstable since that time. Described as a failed state, the CAR remains one of the least developed countries in the world. Human trafficking, children recruited for military use, as well as other human rights violations are large problems in the CAR. Recent violence and ethnic fighting have displaced thousands of people and some groups have warned of genocide. Despite a wealth of rich natural resources, political instability, corruption and ongoing violence keep this country one of the poorest in the world.

Currency XAF: Central African CFA franc
Language French; Sangho commonly spoken
Capital Bangui
Recent Alerts 1
Latest Alert June 03, 2017 - Severe violence and armed conflict continues in Central African Republic

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Central African Republic. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Central African Republic through contaminated food or water.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Central African Republic.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Central African Republic, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Meningitis

Meningitis outbreaks may occur in Central African Republic. Travellers who visit during the dry season (December to June) or expect to have prolonged contact with the local population are especially at risk.

Yellow Fever

There is risk of yellow fever in this country. All persons 9 months of age or older must have proof of the yellow fever vaccination on arrival.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in the Central African Republic. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Cholera

Cholera outbreaks have occurred in Central African Republic. The risk to travellers is low unless living or working in poor sanitary conditions, drinking untreated water or eating poorly cooked or raw seafood in this country.

Sleeping Sickness (Type 1)

There is an increased risk for travellers spending a lot of time outdoors or visiting game parks. Travellers to urban areas not at risk.

Chikungunya Fever

Chikungunya fever has occurred in this country.

Dengue Fever

Outbreaks of dengue fever may occur.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis occurs in Central African Republic. Travellers to Central African Republic are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Malaria

All areas of Central African Republic are at risk for malaria.

Schistosomiasis

This disease is present in this country and is acquired through contact with fresh water, such as swimming, bathing, or rafting. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and contact with saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis.

Zika Fever

Zika fever may occur in this country.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Central African Republic.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Meningitis Vaccine

Because this country is located in the sub-Saharan meningitis belt, vaccination against meningitis is recommended if travelling during the dry season (December to June).

Yellow Fever Vaccine

This country requires all persons 9 months of age or older to have proof of the yellow fever vaccination on arrival.

Rabies Vaccine

Pre-travel vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) and who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Persons with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Central African Republic.

Anti-malarial Drugs

Recommended anti-malaria medications includes atovaquone-proguanil, mefloquine or doxycycline. Resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxime-pyrimethamine has been reported.

Safety and Security in Central African Republic

Emergency Numbers

117
2161-2200 Gendarmerie

Personal Safety

The security situation in CAR is very unstable due to armed rebel activity, kidnapping, hostage-taking, banditry and general lawlessness. Armed robbery and theft occur regularly. There is a curfew in place from 8 pm to 5 am. Avoid carrying valuables. Do not walk alone at night.

Travel by road is dangerous due to armed groups, robbery, and road blocks, both official and illegal. Roads are generally in very poor condition. During the wet season, some roads are impassable. If travelling outside the capital, Bangui, take supplies, including fuel.

If travelling outside of Bangui, check to see what restrictions may be in place for foreigners.

At the time of writing, there is no institution or government able to exercise authority outside Bangui. There is a very high risk of extreme violence in CAR.

Extreme Violence

There is a very high risk of extreme violence in CAR.

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