Mali

Mali

Avoid Travel

The Republic of Mali is a landlocked nation in western Africa, bordered by Algeria to the north and Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso to the south. The population is about 16 million people. Although French is the official language, Bambara, Berber, and Arabic are widely spoken. The government is a republic with a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government.

One of the poorest nations, Mali struggles with political turmoil and armed conflict, drought, and land that is almost half Sahara desert.The area that is now Mali was part of a medieval Islamic centre for learning, art and trade. In 1904, after fierce resistance, the French colonised the area that became known as the French Sudan. In 1960, French Sudan gained independence and declared itself the Republic of Mali.

Since the 1990s, the Tuareg people in the north have struggled for land and rights. In 2012, with weapons from Libya, ethnic militias began a rebellion in the northern region of Mali. The Malian military was taken by surprise and expelled, and Islamic militants took control. In 2013, the French military intervened and regained control of the area. In mid-2013, a democratic election took place and the president was re-elected. At the time of writing, ethnic violence continues in the region, and the security situation is fragile.

Currency XOF: West African CFA franc
Language French
Capital Bamako
Recent Alerts 2
Latest Alert June 18, 2017 - Gunmen storm tourist resort in Mali

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Mali. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Mali through contaminated food or water.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Mali.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Mali, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Meningitis

Meningitis outbreaks may occur in Mali. Travellers who visit during the dry season (December to June) or expect to have prolonged contact with the local population are especially at risk.

Yellow Fever

This country requires a yellow fever vaccination certificate for all arriving travellers 1 year of age and older. For children less than one year of age, Mali does not require the vaccination. However, the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the vaccination for persons 9 months of age and older if going to areas south of the Sahara Desert.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in the Mali. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Cholera

Cholera outbreaks occur in Mali. The risk to travellers is low unless living or working in poor sanitary conditions, drinking untreated water or eating poorly cooked or raw seafood in this country.

Sleeping Sickness (Type 1)

There is an increased risk for travellers spending a lot of time outdoors or visiting game parks. Travellers to urban areas not at risk.

Chikungunya Fever

Outbreaks of chikungunya fever may occur.

Dengue Fever

Outbreaks of dengue fever may occur.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis occurs in Mali. Travellers to Mali are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Schistosomiasis

This disease is present in Mali and is acquired through contact with fresh water, such as swimming, bathing, or rafting. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and contact with saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis

Malaria

All areas of Mali are at risk for malaria.

Zika Fever

Zika fever may occur in this country.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Mali.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

This country requires a yellow fever vaccination certificate for all arriving travellers 1 year of age and older. For children less than one year of age, Mali does not require the vaccination. However, the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the vaccination for persons 9 months of age and older if going to areas south of the Sahara Desert.

Meningitis Vaccine

Because this country is located in the sub-Saharan meningitis belt, vaccination against meningitis is recommended if travelling during the dry season (December to June).

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Mali.

Anti-malarial Drugs

Recommended anti-malaria medications include atovaquone-proguanil, mefloquine or doxycycline. Resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxime-pyrimethamine has been reported.

Safety and Security in Mali

Emergency Numbers

17
18
15

Personal Safety

Due to the unstable, dangerous security situation and armed conflict, most countries advise citizens to avoid all travel to this country. There is a high risk of kidnapping, especially for Westerners. The areas in the north and border areas are particularly at risk for armed banditry. Your country’s embassy in Mali may be limited or lack the ability to provide support to citizens if needed.

Road travel can be dangerous. Night checkpoints operate from 21:00 (9 pm) until dawn. Road conditions can be bad, and drivers may not follow safe driving practices.

Extreme Violence

There is a high threat of terrorist attack in Mali, including kidnappings and bombings.

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