Djibouti

Djibouti

Use Normal Level of Caution
Use High Level of Caution when visiting the following Districts: Alaili Dadda

The Republic of Djibouti is located in the Horn of Africa sharing borders with Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and with a coastline on the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. The government is a republic with a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government. Djibouti has very few natural resources or arable land. Much of the population of about 810,000 people is concentrated in the capital, Djibouti City.

Djibouti gained independence from France in 1977. The country maintains close ties with France, and France keeps a sizeable military presence in the country. Djibouti’s economy is highly dependent on foreign aid and revenues from shipping taxes and fees. Because the country is located at the mouth of the Red Sea, this strategic location makes it a main shipping centre for the entire region.

Djibouti has the potential to develop tourism. There are tourist facilities in Djibouti City, but outside the city, facilities are limited. Travellers can enjoy the picturesque landscapes of the country, the lakes, beaches, mountain ranges, and the Day Forest National Park.

Currency DJF: Djiboutian franc
Language Arabic; French
Capital Djibouti City
Recent Alerts None
Latest Alert Not Available

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Djibouti. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Djibouti through contaminated food or water.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Djibouti.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Djibouti, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in Djibouti. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Yellow Fever

There is no risk for yellow fever in this country. However, a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 1 year of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited through an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Malaria

All areas of Djibouti are at high risk for malaria.

Cholera

Cholera outbreaks occur in Djibouti. The risk to travellers is low unless living or working in poor sanitary conditions, drinking untreated water or eating poorly cooked or raw seafood in this country.

Dengue Fever

Outbreaks of dengue fever may occur.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis occurs in Djibouti. Travellers to Djibouti are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Chikungunya Fever

Chikungunya fever may occur in this country

Schistosomiasis

This disease is present in this country and is acquired through contact with fresh water, such as swimming, bathing, or rafting. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and contact with saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Djibouti.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

There is no risk for yellow fever in this country. However, a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 1 year of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited through an airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Djibouti.

Anti-malarial Drugs

Recommended anti-malaria medications include atovaquone-proguanil, mefloquine or doxycycline. Resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxime-pyrimethamine has been reported.

Safety and Security in Djibouti

Emergency Numbers

17
18

Personal Safety

Most travellers have no trouble in Djibouti. However, petty crime, such as pickpocketing, bag snatching, or other theft does occur. Always be alert to your personal safety. Keep valuables secured and out of sight. Safeguard your important documents, such as your passport. Avoid walking alone at night. Avoid isolated beach areas.

Avoid travelling outside cities at night. Roads may not be adequate for night driving. Roads are poorly lit, and animals and livestock can be on the roads.

Areas To Avoid

Avoid travel to the border area with Eritrea. There is a border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea and armed conflict could occur.

Land mines are common in the northern districts of Obock and Tadjoura and the southern district of Ali Sabeih. In 2012 a person was injured by a land mind near Lac Assal and Ghoubet. These areas are popular tourist destinations.

Sea travel is dangerous near Djibouti. There is a threat of piracy in the Gulf of Aden, and some travellers by sea have been kidnapped and killed.

Extreme Violence

Violent crimes against foreigners are rare in Djibouti.

In the past, the al Shabaab group has issued threats against Djibouti. Djibout and Western interests potentially could be targeted.

Political Unrest

While the political situation in Djibouti is largely stable, demonstrations can occur. In any country, avoid public demonstrations or protests, since these situations can escalate and turn violent unexpectedly.

Get A Free Account!

Sitata uses advanced software algorithms to monitor the world for disease outbreaks and safety hazards. Each travel alert published by Sitata is reviewed by staff to ensure it meets the concerns of a traveller.

Sign up for a free account so that you can prepare for your trip and view the latest alerts.

Plan A Trip