Romania

Romania

Use Normal Level of Caution

Romania is a country in southeastern Europe, bordering Bulgaria, Ukraine, Serbia, Hungary, Moldova, as well as the Black Sea. The population is about 21.7 million people. Romania’s government is a republic with a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government.

In 1862 the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia were united as Romania and became independent in 1878. During World War I, Romania joined the Allies and gained Transylvania. After World War II, Romania was taken over by the Soviet Union, leading to the country coming under communist rule. In 1965, Nicolae Ceausescu took power and led a repressive and brutal regime. He was ousted and executed in 1989, and finally in 1996, the communists were removed from power. Romania joined the European Union in 2007.

Tourism is a fast-growing sector of the economy. Travellers will enjoy the cities, such as Brasov, Sibiu, and Sighisoara, Bran and Dracula’s Castle, painted churches, fortified monasteries and churches, the seaside at the Black Sea, and many other attractions.

Currency RON: Romanian leu
Language Romanian
Capital Bucharest
Recent Alerts 3
Latest Alert June 27, 2017 - Measles outbreak in Romania continues

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Romania. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Romania through contaminated food or water. Infection can still occur at tourist destinations and resorts.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Romania.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in Romania. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis occurs in Romania. Travellers to Romania are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Tick-Borne Encephalitis

There is a possible risk of this disease is some areas of the country below 1,400 meters. The areas presumed to be affected are Tulcea county and Transylvania at the base of the Carpathian Mountains and the Transylvanian Alps. The transmission season varies, however, ticks are most active during early spring to late autumn (March to November).

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Romania.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Tick-Borne Encephalitis Vaccine

Travellers are at risk via exposure to ticks during outdoor activities in areas of vegetation (gardens, parks, forest fringes, meadows and marshes). Campers, hikers, bikers, and adventure travellers should consider obtaining a vaccination against this disease.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Romania.

None required.

Safety and Security in Romania

Emergency Numbers

112

Personal Safety

The crime rate is low and most travellers have no trouble in Romania. However, petty crime, such as pickpocketing, bag snatching, or other theft can occur in any crowded area or tourist destination. In Romania, be especially alert in transportation areas and on trains, buses or subways. Thieves may work in organized groups (including groups of children) where someone creates a distraction and another steals your valuables.

In any country, always be alert to your personal safety. Keep valuables secured and out of sight. Safeguard your important documents, such as your passport. Avoid walking alone at night. Do not accept drinks or food from strangers and never leave your drinks out of your sight.

If someone approaches you showing a badge and asking for your wallet and passport, insist on finding a uniformed officer.

Political Unrest

In any country, avoid public demonstrations or protests, since these situations can escalate and turn violent unexpectedly.

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