Use Normal Level of Caution

Swaziland is located in Africa between South Africa and Mozambique. The population is about 1.4 million, and the majority of the people are of the same tribe. The government is a parliamentary monarchy with a king as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government. Swaziland gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1968. In 1972, the king suspended the constitution and had absolute rule until his death in 1982. Civil unrest in the 1990s paved the way for reforms, and the king signed a constitution in 2005. However, aspects of the constitution are still being debated between progressive groups and the government, and the king retains ultimate power.

Economically, Swaziland relies heavily on South Africa. About two-thirds of Swazis live below the poverty line and food shortages are widespread. The country also suffers from the effects of AIDS with about one-quarter of the population infected with this disease. Life expectancy has dropped.

Swaziland does have some well-developed tourist facilities. Travellers may be interested in one of the world’s oldest mines in Ngwenya, the large variety of wildlife, wildlife and nature reserves, and the very friendly people.

Currency SZL: Swazi lilangeni
Language English; siSwati
Capital Mbabane is the administrative capital; Lobanba is the royal and legislative capital
Recent Alerts None
Latest Alert Not Available

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Swaziland. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Swaziland through contaminated food or water.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Swaziland.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Swaziland, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Yellow Fever

There is no risk for yellow fever in this country. However, this country requires a yellow fever vaccination certificate for travellers arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission.


Rabies occurs in Swaziland. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.


Cholera outbreaks occur in Swaziland. The risk to travellers is low unless living or working in poor sanitary conditions, drinking untreated water or eating poorly cooked or raw seafood in this country.


There is a risk of malaria in eastern regions bordering Mozambique and South Africa. This includes all of the Lubumbo district and Big Bend, Hhohho, Manzini, Shiselweni and Mhlume, Simunye, and Tshaneni.

Dengue Fever

Outbreaks of dengue fever may occur.


Tuberculosis occurs in Swaziland. Travellers to Swaziland are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.


This disease is present in Swaziland and is acquired through contact with fresh water, such as swimming, bathing, or rafting. Well-chlorinated swimming pools and contact with saltwater in oceans or seas will not put travellers at risk for schistosomiasis.

Chikungunya Fever

Chikungunya fever may occur in Swaziland.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Swaziland.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Yellow Fever Vaccine

There is no risk of yellow fever or recommendation for the vaccination. However, this country requires all persons to have proof of the yellow fever vaccination if arriving from a country where yellow fever occurs.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Cholera Vaccine

The U.K. NaTHNaC recommends the oral cholera vaccine for some travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, travelling to areas of active cholera transmission. These risk factors include: aid workers; those going to areas of cholera outbreaks who have limited access to potable water and medical care; travellers for whom the vaccination would be considered potentially beneficial, such as chronic medical conditions.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Swaziland.

Anti-malarial Drugs

Recommended anti-malaria medications include atovaquone-proguanil, mefloquine or doxycycline. Resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxime-pyrimethamine has been reported.

Safety and Security in Swaziland

Emergency Numbers


Personal Safety

La plupart des voyageurs n'ont aucune difficulté au Swaziland. Toutefois, les délits mineurs, tels le vol à la tire, le vol de sac à l'arraché ou d’autres vols se produisent. Soyez toujours attentif à votre sécurité personnelle. Gardez vos objets de valeur en sécurité et hors de vue. Sauvegardez vos documents importants, tels que votre passeport. Évitez de marcher seul la nuit. Le vol de voiture et le vol à main armée se produisent.

Sachez qu'une grande partie de la population vit en dessous du seuil de pauvreté. Il faut avoir du tact et éviter d'afficher des objets de valeur ou de grandes quantités de nourriture devant la population locale.

Lors du franchissement de la frontière, les soldats ont le droit de fouiller les personnes et les véhicules. Il est illégal de transporter de la viande dans certaines régions.

Les routes principales sont bonnes, cependant, les routes rurales peuvent être dangereuses, surtout pendant la nuit. Les conducteurs ne suivent pas les règles de la route, il peut y avoir des animaux errants sur les routes, les véhicules peuvent manquer de lumières ou des véhicules abandonnés peuvent se trouver sur la route.

Les crocodiles sont un danger commun lors de la baignade dans les lacs et les rivières.

Lors de l'utilisation des taxis, faites preuve de prudence et utilisez un taxi d’entreprises réputées et dignes de confiance. Il est conseillé d'appeler quelqu'un et lui donner le numéro de plaque de taxi.

Areas To Avoid

Avoid the 5-kilometer territory between Swaziland and Mozambique. There have been reports of local people being shot by soldiers.

Political Unrest

Protests and demonstrations do occur occasionally in Swaziland. Police have used force to disperse crowds or control these situations. Always avoid public gatherings of people or demonstrations, since these situations can escalate and turn violent unexpectedly.

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