Armenia

Armenia

Use Normal Level of Caution

The Republic of Armenia lies between Turkey and Azerbaijan and is considered to be in both Europe and the Middle East. This country of about 3 million people is one of the oldest societies in the world. Armenia was the first nation to formally adopt Christianity as early as the 4th century, and today, 94 percent of the population belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. A constitutional referendum that was approved in December 2015 will change the government to a parliamentary republic during the 2017-2018 election cycle.

Located on the Great Silk Road route, Armenia was frequently overrun by Turks, Russians, Arabs and others. In recent history Armenia acquired independence from the Soviet Union in September 1991. In 2015, the country decided against joining the European Union and joined the Russian-led Eurasian Customs Union.

Armenia has been developing the tourism sector and is becoming an increasingly popular destination. Some sites that tourists can enjoy are the Shikahogh State Reserve, the second largest forest reserve in the country, ancient monasteries, Mount Aragats, and Karahunj, which is made up of over 200 enormous stone tombs.

Currency AMD: Dram
Language Armenian
Capital Yerevan
Recent Alerts None
Latest Alert Not Available

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Armenia. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in this country through contaminated food or water.

Hepatitis B

There is a risk for acquiring hepatitis B in this country.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Armenia, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where water and food may not be safe.

Rabies

Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis occurs in this country. Travellers to this country are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Armenia.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a risk for acquiring hepatitis B in this country.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in Armenia through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities, rural areas, or staying with friends and family.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Armenia.

None required.

Safety and Security in Armenia

Emergency Numbers

911
101
102
103

Emergency services may take some time to reach remote areas.

Personal Safety

The crime rate is low in this country, and most travellers have no trouble. However, petty crime, such as pickpocketing, vehicle break-ins, bag snatching, or other theft can occur in any crowded area or tourist destination. Always be alert in your surroundings. Keep valuables secured and out of sight. Safeguard your important documents, such as your passport. Avoid walking alone at night. Do not accept drinks or food from strangers and never leave your drinks out of your sight.

The possession, use, or sale of illegal drugs can bring a prison sentence. A prescription for medical marijuana may not be honoured, and you could be prosecuted.

LGBTI travellers can face harassment. There are no laws to protect against hate crimes or discrimination against the LGBTI community, and police may be unresponsive to these issues.

If you have prescription medication, keep in the original packaging and have your physician’s prescription. There have been reports of Armenian customs officials sometimes confiscating medication (i.e. sleeping medication) from travellers upon arrival.

Areas To Avoid

Land borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan remain closed and are patrolled by armed troops.

Avoid travel to the Nagorno-Karabakh Area. There have been frequent violations of the 1994 ceasefire between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Sporadic armed conflict sometimes occurs, and landmines are used in conflict zones. Some countries cannot provide emergency assistance for their citizens in this area.

Avoid travel on the M16/H26 road between the towns of Ijevan and Noyemberyan. This road passes near military positions.

The main alternative route to the M16/H26 between Armenia and Georgia (Yerevan-Vanadzor-Alaverdi-Bagratashen) will be closed for maintenance work for 2 to 3 years from September 2016. If you’re travelling by road between Yerevan and Tbilisi you should use the M3 route from Yerevan through Tashir on the Georgian border.

Avoid the Tavush and Gegharkunik regions that border Azerbaijan. Avoid travel to villages that are east of the main M14 road. The villages are close to the border in the Geghargunik region.

Road travel outside urban city areas can be unsafe. Roads may be in poor condition, drivers may not follow the rules of the road. Drivers may not give way to pedestrians.

Vehicles for public transportation may be overloaded and in poor mechanical condition. Whenever taking public transportation, including rail travel, take extra precautions to secure valuables and documents.

Political Unrest

Protests sometimes occur in major cities. Although most demonstrations are peaceful, minimize safety risk by avoiding large public gatherings, demonstrations or rallies. Even peaceful events can quickly and unexpectedly escalate and become violent.

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